These days, there are tons of ways businesses can improve their inventory strategy. And perhaps none of them is as impactful as using barcode inventory software. This guide will walk you through the benefits of using a barcode inventory system, and then show you how to prepare your shop and your team for barcoding.
Whether you’re a b2b eCommerce company or a business looking to tighten up your warehouse management system, barcodes and QR codes are one of the lowest-risk, highest-reward upgrades to an inventory system you can make.
Barcoding your inventory can save you time, money, and the hassle of manually tracking and managing your products. When used with inventory management software, barcodes help you get instant access to the status of your inventory, including descriptions, availability, cost, and location.
So, let’s get started by defining the different types of barcodes out there.
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What are barcodes?
These bars represent the numbers 0 and 1 (binary digits)—and they are sequenced to represent any number from 0 to 9. When your barcode reader scans a barcode, it interprets the unique sequences of bars, then performs the desired action.
1D (or one-dimensional) barcodes are linear. When you think of an old-school barcode, you’re thinking of a 1D barcode. You’ll often find 1D barcodes on items like a bag of chips at the supermarket and other traditional consumer goods.
Two types of 1D barcodes are SKU barcodes and UPC barcodes. Here’s a little more about them.
A stock-keeping unit (SKU) is for internal inventory tracking. It’s an 8-to-12-character alphanumeric code that represents a physical product or an intangible product. Characters in the SKU represent details about your products or services. You can scan SKU barcodes into inventory management software to analyze product quantity, purchases, or sales. SKUs for intangible products help you access details, such as services rendered or units of time spent on consultations, estimates, service calls, or repairs.
A universal product code (UPC) is for external use. Usually, there are 12 numbers in a UPC. Each UPC uniquely identifies a company and its product. If you’re selling products or services to other vendors, they will likely require a UPC barcode for each product. In the United States, only GS1, a non-profit organization, originates UPC barcodes and maintains standards for them. You can apply for a UPC company prefix and barcodes from GS1.
On the other hand, 2D barcodes use a whole lot more than lines and spaces to convey information. And while these shape-filled, complex codes appear smaller than traditional barcodes, they’re actually stuffed with way more data.
Finally, QR codes are an even more data-rich alternative to barcodes, and these can be read easily, too. These “quick response” codes are another kind of two-dimensional code that’s a cinch to scan with a smartphone.
Now, you might think that bigger is better when it comes to a barcode inventory system. But since you will be using an inventory app like Sortly to scan your codes, all you need is a simple scan to connect the dots between the barcode and your data.
So, don’t sweat the variations in these barcodes and QR codes. Go with what’s already affixed to your inventory, and don’t be afraid to mix and match barcodes and QR codes if that’s what’s easiest for you and your team.
By using barcode scanning, you bypass tons of error-prone processes, like transposing data, keeping track of items by hand, mixing up stock that looks or sounds alike, misreading serial numbers, or jumbling tiny cells on an outdated spreadsheet.
But with barcodes, you can slash hours of your inventory tracking strategy. When items arrive, depart, or move around, simply scan them, then update the relevant information accordingly.
Implementing an inventory system that uses barcodes will make it that much easier for you to have a handle on what you’ve got and where. And tight, accurate record-keeping is the first step to truly getting the data you need to master inventory control.
Barcode scanning isn’t just for inventory that comes, goes, gets sold, or is manufactured into something else. Most businesses have assets, too: think machinery, equipment, technology, even a fancy espresso machine.
Now, instead of manually counting each item, your team can use barcodes to update inventory counts quickly and research any discrepancies they encounter.
- Barcode scanners (including smartphones and tablets)
- Computers, including desktop or laptop
- Barcode printers
- Barcode labels
- Barcode or QR code generating software
- An inventory list, ideally one maintained digitally, like in an app
While almost all inventory software allows you to use traditional barcode scanners, modern inventory solutions like Sortly also enable your team to use existing smartphones and tablets to scan codes. This is a big deal because dedicated barcode scanners tend to be clunky, expensive, and way too easy to break.
Same goes for barcode printers and labels. You can actually generate custom barcodes and QR codes right in Sortly, then print them onto classic Avery labels using a run-of-the-mill printer. You can purchase a barcode printer if you’d like, but it’s completely optional.
- Ensure that every item in your inventory is labeled
- Generate customized barcodes or QR codes for unlabeled stock
- Link each barcode or QR code to an item in your inventory software
- Ensure each item has a robust, detailed profile in your inventory software—add pictures, notes, location, and everything else that’s important to your business
By labeling every last thing your business stocks—and ensuring those codes are linked to detail-rich items in your inventory app—you’ll have created that “connectivity” between your barcodes and your data. Without this link, your barcode strategy would be pretty much pointless.
It’s one thing to create an inventory system, and it’s another to implement it. Luckily, modern inventory apps like Sortly are super-user friendly, and even the least tech-savvy of employees can get the hang of the app in a few minutes.
3. Document your goals
- Reducing deadstock
- Reducing inventory loss or theft
- Reducing stock-outs or customer wait times
- More accurate inventory accounts
- Faster end-of-year inventory audits
You’ll also want to document goals that are a little softer but just as valuable. These goals might be hard to measure, but they’re also some of the benefits that attracted you to a barcode inventory system in the first place. Examples of these goals could be:
- Knowing where all your inventory is, even across multiple locations
- Being able to keep customers happy
- Not stressing over cycle counts, audits, or other inventory processes
- Not relying on a single employee who “knows everything”
- Getting your business (and your books) organized
Barcoding is an inexpensive, powerful way to transform how your business tracks its stuff. All while saving you tons of time, money, and stress. Best of all, you can get your team started using equipment you already own, and for a lot less money than you might think.
Curious? Why not give Sortly a try, absolutely free. Your two-week trial is waiting for you!
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